At the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Johannesburg, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping engaged in discussions that have resulted in an agreement to intensify efforts towards border disengagement and de-escalation between the two nations. This move is aimed at addressing ongoing tensions and concerns along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the western sector of the India-China border areas.
Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra confirmed the discussions and stated that during their conversation, Prime Minister Modi conveyed India’s concerns regarding the unresolved border issues in the western sector of the India-China border. He emphasized the significance of maintaining peace and tranquility along the border areas, as well as respecting the Line of Actual Control (LAC), as crucial factors for the normalization of the India-China relationship.
Despite the border dispute being a complex issue, China and India have recognized the importance of addressing it within the broader context of their bilateral relationship. While China has attempted to separate the border issue from the overall relationship, India has consistently highlighted it as a key obstacle that needs to be addressed.
The discussions between Modi and Xi come after a period of reduced direct talks between the two leaders since the border dispute began. Although they had met numerous times between 2014 and 2019, the border tensions led to a decrease in direct interactions. The recent meeting at the BRICS summit signals a willingness on both sides to engage and work towards a resolution.
The outcome of this discussion underscores the significance of dialogue and diplomatic engagement in addressing complex issues and fostering stability in the India-China relationship. It remains to be seen how these intensified efforts towards border disengagement and de-escalation will unfold and contribute to the overall bilateral ties between the two nations.